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Population Schedules of the Eighth Census of the United States

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  • Title  Population Schedules of the Eighth Census of the United States 
    Short Title  1860 United States Federal Census 
    Author  United States. Census Office. 8th Census 
    Publisher  Washington, District of Columbia: National Archives. Central Plains Region, 1950, 1967 
    Source ID  S44 
    Linked to  Mary Jane Gibbons
    Mary Angeline Kite
    Hayne Cline Martin
    Augustus McGee
    Jeptha Alexander McGee
    Margaret E. McGee
    Samuel A. McGee
    Susan Ellen McGee
    William J. McGee
    Mary M. Robertson
    Clarissa A. Washburn
    Harriet C. Washburn
    Henry Washburn
    James William Washburn
    Mary Catherine Washburn
    Rudolph Henry Washburn
    Samuel Henry Washburn
    Sarah Elizabeth Washburn 

  •  Notes 
    • The eighth federal census of the United States began on 1 June 1860. Census takers were given five months to complete the enumeration. They were instructed to list individuals who died after the first day of the enumeration and to not include children born after that first day. However, it is important to remember that sometimes the enumerator disregarded this instruction. This census gives the age, sex, color, occupation (for males over 15), value of real estate, and birthplace (state in the US or foreign country) of every individual. It also includes whether the individual attended school that year, married within the year, could read or write, or was deaf-mute, blind, "insane," or "idiotic."This was the first census to ask for the value of personal estates. It is thought that many did not reveal the true value of their estates for fear of being taxed accordingly. Census takers were to fill in a state or territory for the birthplace for each individual. If the individual was not born in the United States, the country was to be given--except for Germany and Great Britain. Specific provinces or countries within Germany and Great Britain were to be used instead. For Germany: Baden, Bavaria, Hesse-Darmstadt and Prussia. For Great Britain: England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Native Americans living on reservations or unsettled tracts of land were not included in this enumeration. Slaves were enumerated separately, on a slave schedule. This schedule did not list each slaves' name, but it did give the sex and age of every slave, the owner, how many were released from slavery and whether a fugitive or not.