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Population Schedules of the Ninth Census of the United States

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  • Title  Population Schedules of the Ninth Census of the United States 
    Short Title  1870 United States Federal Census 
    Author  United States. Census Office. 9th Census 
    Publisher  Washington, District of Columbia: The National Archives, 1962, 1968 
    Source ID  S29 
    Linked to  Mary
    Mary Angeline Kite
    Harriet McGee
    Jasper Nathaniel McGee
    Jeptha Alexander McGee
    Mary Angeline McGee
    Samuel A. McGee
    Susan Ellen McGee
    Mary M. Robertson
    Clarissa A. Washburn
    Francis Manie Washburn
    Harriet C. Washburn
    Henry Washburn
    James W. Washburn
    James William Washburn
    Margaret Belle Washburn
    Mary Catherine Washburn
    Rhody Washburn
    Rudolph Henry Washburn
    Sarah Elizabeth Washburn 

  •  Notes 
    • This is an important census because it shows family movement after the Civil War. It also infers the loss of individuals of military age who may have died in the war. There are microfilming problems with the 1870 census. Some schedules are extremely light and are often difficult to read. Some schedules are missing for the states of Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Utah, and Vermont. Because of the length of time it took to enumerate the United States, some families were listed twice because they may have moved during that time period from one state to another. For each family, relationships are implied on this census and not confirmed, which can lead to inaccurate supposition. Other relatives listed with the family in the census can help identify the maiden name of the mother, and also identify the surnames of married daughters. Cousins, aunts, uncles, grandparents, in-laws, and other family members listed with their relationships give great clues to unraveling the family. If your family has a male as head of household between the ages of 20-40 and there are children under 10, this can indicate that this family may remain as a unit for the next 20 or 30 years. Because of so much movement during this time period, once you have found your family in the census, search histories, biographies, land and property records and probate records. This is an important census, also, for African-American genealogy research because it is the first census in which all African-Americans were enumerated, individually, on the regular census schedule. African-American families often assumed the surnames of their previous owners.